How to grow a mango tree from seed? You can extend this tree from a basis which is the typical way of developing a mango tree. Mangoes, as tropical fruits, provide delicious flavor for consumers, which makes them remain in the popular fruits group. Why not if you live in a tropical or subtropical region and want your mango tree in your garden or backyard?
To develop the tree from seed, you must take several steps precisely and consider the mango tree’s requirements. This article guides you through growing your mango tree from a seed. Keep reading to learn.
Mango Tree Characteristics
Mango trees (Mangifera indica CVS) originated in South Asia, especially India, and have been under cultivation for thousands of years. They are known for their lush, evergreen foliage and sweet, aromatic fruit. These trees can reach heights of up to 100 feet, although there are dwarf varieties available with sizes ranging from 30 to 40 feet.
The trees are well-suited to tropical and subtropical climates, thriving in USDA hardiness zones 10-12. In spring, mango trees start flowering, and in mid-summer, their fruit begins to ripen; it takes about 120 days to ripen completely. A mature tree 10n years old can produce over 200-300 fruits. Although mango trees have a deep root system, they are not destructive, unlike other plants’ root systems.
How to grow a mango tree from seed: Step by step
You must find fresh and fully ripe fruit to grow mango from seed.
Choose a tall and deep pot or bag for planting seeds to provide enough space for the seed’s development:
Prepare the seed
After choosing the right mango fruit, flat seed from the center. Clean off any remaining flesh and gently pry the husk to reveal the grain inside. Be cautious not to damage the seed during the removal process.
Put the seed in a moist paper towel or cloth and seal it in a plastic bag. Hold the bag in a warm, dark place, such as a kitchen cabinet, or place it on the heating mat, and also don’t let the paper become dried.
Check the seed regularly for symptoms of germination, which should occur within 1-3 weeks. Suppose you must immediately start facilitating the germination process. In that case, you can extract the kernel from the seed with the patient without any damage and place it in a pot.
planting mango trees from seeds
Once the seed has sprouted, plant it in a well-draining potting mix with the sprout facing upwards.
Select a bank with drainage voids to prevent waterlogging. Keep the soil moist but not soggy, and place the pot in a sunny location.
Tips for planting mango trees from seeds:
- The center location of a mango tree’s root necessitates careful handling during production to avoid damage.
- Experts recommend using a controlled-release fertilizer, well-composed manure, or suitable planting compost.
- Provide enough irrigation for the plant to be well-established.
Care & maintenance for mango growth
- A few weeks after planting the seed, the stem emerges from the soil.
- As your mango tree grows up to 3-4 feet tall, move it to a place exposed to sunlight for at least 6 hours daily.
- Water the tree regularly, permitting the soil to dry slightly between watering, then slow the watering process.
- Apply a balanced, slow-release fertilizer to the tree every 2-3 months throughout the growing season.
- Take your plant outside after two or three years if you live in USDA Zones 11-12.
- Through the first years of the plant, provide the mango tree with mulch to promote its development.
Pruning & shaping for better growth of mango
Pruning in autumn is essential for encouraging healthy growth and abundant blossoms in the following season. To encourage a robust and well-branched structure, prune your mango tree as it is young. Remove any weak or crossing branches and maintain a central leader.
It will help your tree develop a robust framework for future fruit production. As mango tree is sensitive to wind, you can remove broken branches by pruning.
Patience is key
Growing this tree from seed requires patience, as it can take 5-8 years to produce fruit. However, the satisfaction of enjoying homegrown mangoes will be well worth the wait!
Summing up, How to grow a mango tree from seed
Growing this tree from a seed is the best way to have it in your garden and enjoy its orchard beauty and tasty fruits. By understanding the steps for growing this tree from the above seed, you can cultivate a thriving tree that will provide you with delicious fruit for years.
The main factor you must consider before planting is finding a suitable seed from fresh fruits. We hope reading this article helps you enjoy your garden’s well-grown and productive mango tree. If you know tips for speeding up the growth of mango trees from seeds, we would love to hear from you in the comment section.