The mango tree, known as Mangifera indica, has a rich history that spans thousands of years. This tropical fruit tree has captivated the hearts and attentions of people worldwide. Mango fruits are prosperous in vitamins A, C, and D and have become versatile in making desserts, beverages, and juices. In this article, we will delve into the details of the origin of the mango tree, its physical characteristics, and more. If you want to learn more about this fascinating gift of nature, stay with us in this article.
Physical description of the mango tree
Before delving into the origin of the mango tree, it is better first to explore its physical characteristics. In the following sections, we will delve into the specific aspects of the mango tree:
- It belongs to the cashew (Anacardiaceae) family and remains evergreen.
- Some species exhibit impressive longevity, potentially producing fruits for up to 300 years.
- It can achieve a height of 15-18 meters (50-60 feet) and boasts a wide canopy extending up to 125 feet in width.
- Leaves are lanceolate, glossy, and dark green, reaching 12 inches long.
Flower and Fruit Attributes:
- This tree generates small, fragrant pinkish flowers in large terminal panicles.
- Different cultivars of mango fruits have different sizes, shapes, and colors. These can be oval, round, heart-shaped, or kidney-shaped.
- Fruit hues encompass yellow, red, orange, and green shades.
- Each fruit encloses a single seed within its juicy, fleshy, and sweet-flavored flesh.
History & origin of the mango tree
The mango holds the status of the national fruit in both India and Bangladesh. In India, people gather the mangos harvest during March, and the media extensively covers this event. The mango holds an important place in Indian folklore and religious rituals. Even Buddha was gifted a mango grove to find solace beneath its soothing shade.
Investigation of the origin of the mango tree shows that the term “mango,” as explored in the text, is employed in English and Spanish-speaking nations. Some believe its origins trace back to the Malayalam word “manna,” which the Portuguese adapted to “manga” when they visited Kerala in 1498. Challenges in transporting seeds with their short viability primarily caused a delay in introducing the tree to the Western Hemisphere until around 1700. People first planted it in Brazil, reaching the West Indies by 1740.
Different varieties of mango trees
The origin of the mango tree is a fascinating topic as many different mango tree varieties produce fruits with a delicious and juicy flavor.
The most common mango varieties include:
- ‘Alphonso’ mango is a well-known variety of Indian trees with golden-green fruits and a soft, sweet taste.
- ‘Honey’ mango, called ‘Ataulfo,’ produces fruits with honey and a sour flavor. The skin is pale yellow, turning golden yellow when ripe. The yellow flesh is firm and fibrous, and the seeds are tiny.
- ‘Kesar’ mango is known for its sweet taste among other varieties, with luscious, fiber-free orange flesh.
- ‘Francis’ mango bears greenish-yellow fruits that turn golden yellow when ripe. The fibrous pulp is soft and juicy with a sweet fruity taste.
- Among the different varieties and Origins of the mango trees, the ‘Kesar’ mango is famous for its sweet taste. It stands out among other types with its tasty, fiber-free orange flesh.
- ‘Haden’ mango, with its firm, fine grain shape, remains a popular variety. It has a sweet and sour taste with a faintly bitter tropical fruit aftertaste. Haden’s mangoes’ skin is red with green and yellow shades. Its yellow color, when ripe, indicates that it is sweet and ready to eat.
Cultivation & harvest of mango trees
Exploring the Origins of the mango trees reveals that people extensively cultivate mango trees in regions such as the tropical and subtropical Americas, the Caribbean, and South Asia. Among the few places in mainland Europe where tropical plants and fruit trees can grow is Andalusia, Spain (mainly in the province of Malaga).
According to the Origins of the mango trees, mango trees flourish in tropical and subtropical climates, necessitating warm temperatures and approximately 8 hours of daily sunlight. Additionally, they are adaptable to various soil types. Mango trees begin to bear fruit after 3 to 5 years of planting. Depending on the mango varieties, they can produce fruit for up to 100 years or more.
The propagation of mango trees usually involves grafting or budding techniques, a process highlighted in The Origin of the Mango Tree, which guarantees that the progeny inherits the desirable traits of the parent tree. Harvesting mango fruits does not necessitate waiting for full ripening, as they undergo the ripening process after being picked. Harvesting is done by hand, with pickers using long poles to reach the fruit or climbing trees to pick the mangoes directly.
Concluding remarks of The Origin of the Mango Tree
The mango tree, producing fascinating fruits, is prominent among Indians. It belongs to the cashew family and bears delicious and bountiful fruits, which have become a beloved staple in many cuisines. Its cultivation continues to be an essential aspect of agriculture in tropical and subtropical regions.
In this article, we explore the origin of the mango tree and its features; we hope reading this article helps you better identify its source. What variety of mango trees do you expect to find in your region? How would you describe the taste of that variety? We would be happy to hear from you in the comment section.